Canada and Her Defence Forces
Publication:
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 29 Nov 1945, p. 122-134


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Canada and Her Defence Forces


One or two thought-provoking ideas which the speaker hopes the audience will ponder over. Canada's Defence Departments now fully occupied in repatriating the soldiers, sailors and airmen from overseas and demobilizing those that they have brought back from Europe and from the Far Eastern theatre. The repatriation policy. Problems with the policy. The majority of Canadian soldiers to be back in Canada by the Spring. How demobilization is proceeding. The troops who must remain in Europe this winter and for an indefinite period of time. Canada's allotted proportion of the Army of Occupation. Ensuring that Germany does not have the opportunity to raise a secret army, as happened after the First World War. The danger of epidemics sweeping across Europe this winter. Supplying re-enforcements as required. A few thoughts regarding the type of defences that may be required in the years to come. The effect of the new weapons which have been introduced into warfare during the last year of the war. Developments in atomic energy. The speaker's suggestion that the broad dissemination of information is really a sounder foundation for the security of the future than any policy of restriction. The hope that there will be no interruption in the relationships which have existed between the scientists and the military experts during this war and that research on military problems will continue. The prevention of wars in the future. Beginning work of the United Nations. The realization that the great powers of this world must co-operate in a manner which is devoid of all shame. The position of the Dominion of Canada at the present time. Canada's strategic geographical location. The nature of the catastrophe if it ever comes. The transformation of the problem of defence for Canada since the beginning of the war. The need to reorientate all our ideas of the past and approach this new problem with flexible ideas and with a very open mind. The need for an effective, intelligent service which would give us warning of the designs of a seemingly friendly country and the assembly of her air fleet, then to carry out unremitting research as to the devices which will make surprise less likely. Extending the range of effectiveness of radar equipment. Devising means of intercepting the enemy. The need for civil defence. Plans that have been developed so far with regard to a Permanent Navy, Air Force, and Army, with numbers. Bringing the Forces into close contact with the life of the country.