Europe Our Next Door Neighbour
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 21 Oct 1948, p. 29-51
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Europe Our Next Door Neighbour

The closeness of Europe in this age of flight and the immense significance to us here of European viewpoints and economic recovery. Implications of the age of flight. Economic problems in Britain, and progress toward solutions. Reasons for production problems. The Economic Recovery Program of Marshall Aid. Speculation as to whether or not the Labour Government will be re-elected in Britain. A plea to continue sending gifts and parcels of food to Britain. Rome in contrast to London. Three factors in considering the Italian situation: Communist votes in the election, unemployment, and the Communist domination of the major labour unions, which has prompted strikes, disorders, wage demands and halts in production. Also the problem of over-population with an agricultural economy insufficient to maintain the nation's food supply. The positive aspects seen in Italy: strength of the government, the spirit of the people, the recognized need for newer mass production methods, as witnessed in visits to the U.S. Czechoslovakia: the coup which brought the nation under Communist control. The liquidation of the opposition under way. The Five-Year plan in industry in Czechoslovakia. Insights into the party line. Czechoslovakia commanding our sympathy: "We are Communists on paper, but not in our hearts." Germany. The extent of the bomb damage. Aid to Germany's recovery and why we are contributing. Germany's industrial recovery. The new currency and its far-reaching effects on the German economy in the Western zones. The lack of food in Germany. Communist efforts to stop the incentive programmes in the mining industry. The issue of reparations. The spirit of the people of Berlin. Reasons for the blockade and Russia's attitude over Berlin. The nature of the German people; some candid comments from a German. Making the decision as to whether or not the occupational forces should be removed from Germany. The issue of peace or war. The feeling that war with Russia is inevitable if we do not mobilize to meet the threat of Russian aggression. A summary of what the speaker saw in Europe. Evolutionary capitalism. Preparedness as the price of peace.