Canada & The United States—Partners in Freedom
Publication:
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 18 Oct 1951, p. 50-64


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Canada & The United States—Partners in Freedom


The threat to both Canada and the United States which has developed into a menace since 1945 and 1946. The tension that the two countries share in common. The speaker's opportunity to come into contact and to appreciate the Canadian people, and to respect the tremendous industrial potential of Canada. The story of how the speaker became more aware of Canada's industrial possibilities. Canadair Limited: some history. Canadair serving its purpose of defence during World War II, and what the company is doing now. Employment provided by Canadair. Canadair's submarine plant and its contract with the United States Navy. American investment in Canadian industry. The subject of the industrial phase in the joint defence of Canada and the United States. The importance of the pooling of the industrial strength of our two countries; how it can write the ultimate destiny of the whole free world. The effectiveness with which Canadian and American scientists, engineers and production men cooperated; guaranteeing security and winning a lasting peace. Cause for optimism. The good state of relations between Canada and the U.S. Canada and the U.S. as the backbone of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO as the Western world's rejoinder to the obvious Communist programme aiming at wiping all semblance of individual freedom from the face of the earth. Facing a common peril. The need for all free nations to join together for mutual defence. Reducing our mutual need to this: "Canada welcomes American technical ability, financial resources, and the practical association of America's armed might. In turn, the United States needs the rapidly mounting industrial strength of Canada—needs Canadian natural resources and Canadian talents." The joint defence programme. The founding of the Permanent Joint Board on Defence. The statement of principles enunciated at Hyde Park, New York, on April 20, 1941, by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Mackenzie King. The major principles of what became known as "The Hyde Park Agreement." The spirit of the Hyde Park Agreement prevailing throughout World War II. Balance of trade between Canada and the U.S. during the war. The extension of these principles after the end of hostilities. Confirmation of the intention and spirit of the Hyde Park Agreement. The unsatisfactory implement of the principles in the earlier stages of the present defence programme. Reasons for this state of affairs. The "Buy American Act" as a public catch phrase; what it means and to what it refers. Encouraging reciprocal defence purchases. Progress that has been made. The "Statement of Principles for Economic Co-operation" between Canada and the U.S. Significance and principles of that Statement. Practical effects. Tangible evidence that the will exists to implement a programme of reciprocal defence purchases on a mutually beneficial basis. Support of the Canada-United States Committee of the Canadian and United States Chambers of Commerce. Reciprocal defence purchases and the standardization of arms, with some examples. The much freer use of each other's defence equipment. The object of all this preoccupation with the mobilization of the maximum joint industrial power. Building up the collective strength of the free world so that any aggressor will stop short of war, and so that all will bear their fair share of the common burden. The difference between preparedness and all-out war. Creating a wall of security for the free world behind which free institutions can live (General Eisenhower). The limitless possibilities for friendship and co-operation between Canada and the United States, wherein lies our one best hope for the future.