A Nova Scotian View of Confederation
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 24 Nov 1966, p. 95-104
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A Nova Scotian View of Confederation

The speaker's personal views, not a representation of the traditional attitude of Nova Scotia towards Confederation, nor a representation of the general view in his province. Nova Scotia's traditional reservations about Confederation, with some background. Nova Scotia's viewpoint within Confederation as Mr. Macdonald saw it in 1938 (a quote) and the speaker's response to it. Economic considerations alone not enough to bind Canada together. Canada's national purpose: what it is not. Aims of the Fathers of Confederation. A continuing concern with independence from the United States. The need to wish to be Canadian, if Canada is to survive. The distinctive qualities of Canadian life. Working for a Canadian way of life. Creating confidence in Quebec that Canada does offer French speaking Canadians a way to preserve and develop their culture as well as to participate in Canadian economic life. Creating confidence that all parts of Canada are being fairly treated; creating a sense of belonging throughout the country. The substantially lower standards of living experienced in the Atlantic Provinces and eastern Quebec: a remaining challenge to Confederation. Seeking development in Nova Scotia which is consistent with the national interest. The belief that the Government of Canada has an obligation to pursue the national interest throughout Canada. The need for a regional incentive policy. Fixed ideas and doctrinaire attitudes as the greatest dangers to Confederation in the years ahead. Some specific problems that Canada faces, and some suggested approaches to their solution. Preserving the essential powers of the federal government. Avoiding improper extension of the powers of the federal government. Concern but also optimism for the future. Valuing Canada.