China and the Post-War World
Publication
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 25 Nov 1943, p. 149-160
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China and the Post-War World


China's long and arduous fight with Japan. A consideration of the various aspects of the kind of mental make-up and discipline which has been responsible for the evolution of Japan's wild schemes of aggression and which has convinced the Chinese people of the impossibility of curbing her unbridled ambition except by force. The myth of the Mikado. The Japanese tradition of Bushido. The samurai and their place in Japanese society. Consequences of these Japanese beliefs. The blueprint for the present Japanese adventure of aggression. Contrasts in the Chinese philosophy. A brief history of Japanese aggression against China. China's aspirations for the post-war world: five main points. China's ardent desire to see not only the unconditional surrender but the complete disarmament of our common enemies at the end of the war. China's hopes that the reign of law and justice will be brought back to the war-torn world, that states will cease to employ force as an instrument of national policy, and that they will all agree to and carry out in earnest the principle of the pacific settlement of international disputes. China's hopes that within the family of nations will prevail the spirit of universal brotherhood and mutual benefaction as expounded in both the Confucian and Christian teachings. The necessity for territorial readjustments to be made in accordance with the "freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned," the wise criterion adopted in the Atlantic Charter for all territorial changes. China's hopes that the post-war world will be one in which all nations will enjoy freedom and equality. The striking similarity between the Three Principles of the People propounded by Dr. Sun Yatsen, Father of the Chinese Republic, and the Four Freedoms enunciated by President Roosevelt.