Educating A Democracy
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 11 Mar 1943, p. 396-409
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Educating A Democracy

Recent interest in education, especially in education as a solution to various problems and social ills. The role of education in shaping the destiny of nations. Education as a force for revitalizing our democratic form of government. The problem of apathy on the part of the public generally towards our political institutions and how this has affected political development which lags far behind economic and scientific development. Teaching the principles of democracy. How the traits of character are related to our form of government. The writings of Lord Moulton, an eminent British jurist and parliamentarian and his careful analysis of human activities, divided into three categories or domains: enforcement wherein our activities are controlled by positive law; the domain of absolute choice, wherein we are free will agents to do what we wish; the domain or the land of "obedience to the unenforceable." A detailed discussion of this analysis follows. Character as the seed bed of democracy, and character building as the essential preparation which must precede the training of the principles and practices of democracy. How character building occurs. The importance of the public school teacher as a national asset. An examination of the teaching profession. Re-educating a generation of youths in the Axis countries as one of the great post-war tasks. A generation without any well defined political convictions here in Canada. Understanding how young Canadians came to have their present attitude. The influence of home life. The role of the university in maintaining democratic principles and practices. The obligation of the university graduate to the state. The need for leaders in all walks of life. The price of war in loss of life. Ensuring that every young man and woman of intelligence and promise in Canada is educated to the limit of his and her capability. The increasing cost of a university education. The need to teach democracy successfully.