The Last Canadian Battle and the Surrender of the Germany Army
Publication
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 4 Oct 1945, p. 13-29
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The Last Canadian Battle and the Surrender of the Germany Army


The speaker addresses the audience as a former Corps Commander, about the battle in which the Corps he commanded really had a chance to use its full power. The address is enhanced with diagrams on a presentation board. Going back to Field Marshal Montgomery's last Conference, about the 20th of March. How Field Marshal Montgomery conducted these Conferences. His indication that this battle would end the war. The general plan of Field Marshal Montgomery in accordance with General Eisenhower's master plan. The main plan to isolate the Northern edge of the Ruhr from the rest of Germany, using the 9th American Army. The 2nd British Army and the 1st Canadian Army to form a deep bridgehead across the Rhine, into which the Field Marshal would pour his reserves and his administrative units, ready for a thrust across the North German Plain, with the ultimate objectives of Hamburg and Bremen. Details of the operation follow. A look at how the plan worked out. The German reaction to the plan. Intelligence received during the operation. A detailed description of the battle. Truce talks with the German delegation. The only outcome of the conference that the Germans agreed that they would not interfere with the food being taken by the Swedish Red Cross, and the Swedish Red Cross guaranteed that they would look after the distribution of food. The 1st Canadian Corps to take the food inside the German lines. Difficulties in unloading the food. Success in persuading the Germany Army to surrender. Terms of the unconditional surrender. Negotiations of Field Marshal Montgomery with the German High Command for surrender. Dealing with the German Army which came under control of the speaker's command. Problems to be faced: taking these 130,000 and disarming them; continuing to feed the Dutch population; making sure that essential services did not break down during this period. The speaker's concern that now that the war was over, not one Canadian soldier lose his life. Alternatives in dealing with the problems and how they were dealt with. The task completed by the first of July; all the Boche disarmed and marched across the Zuider Zee. An idea of the booty which was taken from the Boche, and returned to the Dutch. Paying tribute to the steadfastness and long-suffering of the Dutch people. The hope for continued good relations between the Canadians and the Dutch. Paying tribute to the contribution made by the militia of Canada. A word about the returned soldier.