Problems of Industry and Labour
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 25 Oct 1906, p. 32-58
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Problems of Industry and Labour

A discussion of industrial problems. A recognition of the existence of industrial problems, greater or less, and ways in which they obtrude upon our everyday notice. The relation between him who works and him for whom he works as an age-old problem, with examples throughout history. Attempts at solutions of this question in a variety of ways. England's longest experience with the Labour organization, watched there with great interest. Developments in America. The strange thing that historically, organization in labour sought to accomplish the very thing that today it seeks to prevent, with explication. The endeavour in our day to prevent the working man from making an individually free contract. The sympathy of every reader of history for the labourer. The value of modern trade unionism in its relation to the modern industrial world: judging without partiality. The right of men to organize not to be questioned. The right of man to collectively join with others in an endeavour to better himself. The contradiction with the progress of modern civilization itself, as well as with the spirit of English institutions, of the right for a man to better himself at the expense of others, to obtain lawful ends by the use of unlawful means. The wonderful industrial growth within the past few years. The corporation. The power of the corporation. What we owe to the corporation in terms of the development of our country. Consequences of unchecked power. The industrial problem not a mere problem of political economy, but a great problem in morals, in successful government. How that is so. The effort of countless thousands of centuries which let to the little Island of which we are proud. Owing it to ourselves to see that in our industrial problems the idea of individual liberty is maintained in every department of industry, as we declare we will maintain it in every department of social and political activity. The motive power of human action. Accountability. Labour as the law of life. Tendencies in the Labour organizations. The dangerous political point of view which gradually creeps into the mind of organized labour. Benefits to be accomplished in another way than by the coercive influence of membership. The wonderful organization of The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, accepted by American railroad managers as a standard by which to measure the qualifications of engineers. The business world, seeking for labour that is worthy of a high wage. How to meet industrial problems. Standing for right principles. The example of Chicago, which passed through a period of criminal Unionism. An examination of a strike. Realizing once and for all that the power of nations does not lie in armies nor in ships of steel, but in the righteousness of their principles. The Hon. George E. Foster: Remarks on Mr. Emery's address. The Club, with another duty to perform: bringing Mr. Emery back again, and setting him loose upon the other side of this question: "the practical methods by which we are to encounter and overcome, and lead and guide and direct this thing so that we may arrive as soon as possible at the best state of industrial conditions." Mr. Emery's remarks in reference to indifference being the trouble. Thanks to Mr. Emery.