Britain Versus Europe—The Schuman Plan and German Revival
Publication:
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 16 Nov 1950, p. 82-95


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Britain Versus Europe—The Schuman Plan and German Revival


A discussion of the question "Would the unity of Europe add to the unity of the West or detract from it?" Kinds of unity. The idea of neutrality, a Third Force; the illusion of a Europe united to save itself from East-West conflict by shunning either camp. The stress laid on a separate Europe containing the seeds of Atlantic disunity. Mr. Schuman's project coming from such a standpoint. The debate revolving around the place of Germany in the economy of the West, and upon Britain's world status. Evaluating the project by scanning the part played by these two Powers. A look at what would be better for the West—a European union of which a Franco-German industrial combine is the economic core or a perpetuation of that Atlantic partnership which was twice an agent of victory and whose role is not yet finished? A detailed discussion follows. The British rejection of the Schuman Plan and reasons for it. An examination of East-West differences. The nature of the Atlantic dispute over the organization of Europe. Looking at steps down the road with regard to where a European Federation would lead. The need for Britain to be an oceanic as well as a European Power if she is to continue effectively as a Great Power. The position of Commonwealth countries. Why the French have adopted a policy which assumes German good faith. Europe's need for military and economic unity, but outright federalization a "leap in the dark." The lack of reasons to believe that the defense of the West itself would be improved by the sort of federal unity which the Schuman Plan prefigures. Assessing the defensive value of a federalized, Schumanized or Third Force Europe by spelling out its strategic implications. Pacifism and neutrality: any choices? The potential of a European federation, underpinned by a Franco-German industrial union, planning for prosperity at the cost of security. The factor of Asia. The evacuation of Allied troops, on which a European Third Force must be predicated. German opinion. The American position. How the West should be consolidated. Atlantic unity as a safer bet than European union, and why.