Law and Survival
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 10 Mar 1966, p. 254-264
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Law and Survival

Concern over the dangers of nuclear war. The problem of the prevention of war, or if war starts, the prevention of escalation. How and why the risk of nuclear war increases with the passing of the years. Consequences of the Cold War in terms of dealing with basic world problems. The need for an end to wars if we are to survive. Finding alternatives to the use of armed force. The United Nations as part of the mechanism that is needed. How to get the nations of the world to use it. What can be done at the regional level. Limitations of other organizations such as the OAS in the western hemisphere and SEATO in the Pacific. The need for great statesmanship in Asia to bring a Rule of Law and stability to the area. Problems in Asia and in the western hemisphere. The need for a vast common market for all members of the western hemisphere. The need for a revolution in the whole approach to the problem of modernizing and developing ancient feudal countries, with an emphasis on the common market with trade and commerce as important sinews of stable societies. Four significant landmarks in 1963 and 1964: examples of consensus. Other urgent needs for consensus with the Soviet bloc. A second kind of consensus such as happens between Canada and the United States to settle controversies by law: a universal pattern. Opening the doors of the International Court of Justice to its fullest extent. A third kind of consensus to bring into the U.N. all the countries of the world so that the institutions of the U.N. may be more readily available for settlement of all issues that threaten world peace. The difficulty of finding and maintaining common ground. The world today; the balance of power; the reality that the problem is not one of coexistence, but one of co-evolution.