The Small Nations in World Affairs
Publication
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 7 Feb 1944, p. 269-283
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The Small Nations in World Affairs


Problems in Yugoslavia. Views about the future organization of world peace; Yugoslavia's modest contribution in that regard. Yugoslavia's geographical position in a region of Europe where many past conflicts originated. Eliminating the cause of possible future conflicts. An analysis of the reasons which brought about the failure of the peace system established in 1919 and the speaker's views of what people in Yugoslavia expect to see after victory in order to achieve peace in that better, future world for which we have all suffered untold sacrifices. A brief review of events, beginning with Yugoslavia's entry into the war in April, 1941. The situation which existed at the close of the last World War. The methods and the behaviour of Hitler and Mussolini, something quite new to the international scene. The failure to recognize them as a real menace by those chiefly responsible for maintaining peace. Two basic problems for those responsible for world leadership: security, and the problem of equality of well-being. Learning from the mistakes made between the first and second World Wars. Problems particular to small nations. The sentiments of the Yugoslav people toward the Anglo-Saxon nations. Making good the provisions of the Atlantic Charter. The sentiments of the Yugoslavs toward Russia. Close friendship and constructive collaboration between Yugoslavia and Soviet Russia. The people of Yugoslavia devoted to the democratic concept of life. The hope that the new international organization will discard any kind of balance of power or the division of the world into zones of influences, which the speaker feels would lead to a third world war. Assumptions about the structure and organization of the future world organization. Reasons why collaboration among small nations was difficult and even impossible during the period between the two world wars. The need for unity. The need for a careful consideration of both achievements and mistakes. Holding fast to that which proved to be good and rejecting forever that which proved to be bad.