Conditions in South Africa
Publication
The Empire Club of Canada Addresses (Toronto, Canada), 7 Feb 1946, p. 219-231
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Conditions in South Africa


The speaker's personal background, told in part to illustrate the historical background of his young country and people. Some basic facts about South Africa: size, population, ethnic makeup, classes, etc. The initiative and capital investment required for the development of the country to be looked for very largely in the relatively small European population, who are also the governing class. The Act of Union which states that only Europeans can be elected to Parliament and the Senate. An ethnic description of the white population. The problem of the very large number of Bantus and the smaller number of coloureds and Asiatics. Reasons for the problems, many of which result from a movement of native people to urban centres. The Union Government acting as Trustee for the native races. The Union of the four Provinces which took place eight years after the end of the Anglo-Boer war; how and why it was brought about. Talk of incorporating South West Africa into the Union as a 5th Province. Economic development during the past few decades, discussed briefly under the following headings, which refer to the main industries: Mineral Development: gold, diamonds, coal, iron ore, other base minerals such as antimony, chrome, blue asbestos, corundum, manganese, mercy and vermiculite; Agricultural Development; Industrial Devilment, Transportation Systems; Union's War Effort. Post-war developments. Looking after returned soldiers through the Department of Demobilization. A serious housing problem which appears to be world wide. Steps being taken by the Union Government to expedite the construction of houses. Improvement of Health Services. Recommendations by a Royal Commission to provide free medical services and hospitalization to all citizens, including the Bantu races. Improved nutrition for the whole population, especially for the lower income groups and the black and coloured races. A novel form of National War Memorial being contemplated: a living monument in the form of a Health Foundation, its purpose to be the establishment of a Nutritional Research Institute. A change in agricultural policy, concentrating on the production of protective foods to meet the nutritional requirements of the country's own people, also to protect the fertility of the land. Assistance to the expansion of existing industries and the establishment of new ones. The need to increase the European population by immigration. A message of goodwill to Canada.